Fans of The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit are finally getting a film on the brains behind the series.

The old, lovable Oxford professor J.R.R. Tolkien receives an upcoming biopic depicting his earlier years. After a long wait, we finally get to see a trailer for the movie that’s set for release in May.

The Mind Behind Middle-Earth

The mind behind the fantasies and languages of Middle-earth, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien’s tale was inspired by many of the various aspects of his life. The war was a tragic one which, once the images of battle became ingrained in young John’s mind, inspired the descriptions of many of the battle scenes which play out in his novels.

Any reader of The Lord of the Rings, or Tolkien’s poems about Tom Bombadil and his love Goldberry, know how well Tolkien was able to weave romantics. It was a knack he had. He allowed the love of his own life, Edith, to penetrate and further enkindle in him his passion for creativity.

Young Tolkien. Source: Popsugar.

As young John tells us in the trailer, the epitome of his literary work is a story “about adventures…about what it means to love and to be loved…”

A master of the craft of creativity, Tolkien knows where his heart lies: in telling stories. In as short a trailer as it is, it seems to capture many of the highlights and lowlights of Tolkien’s walk through his early days.

We are most likely to meet C.S. Lewis, the bosom companion of Tolkien, who would go on to become a great fantasy author himself. We shall experience Tolkien’s early family life, his education, his time in battle, and, perhaps most crucially, his relationship with Edith Bratt, his wife-to-be.

What the Trailer Actually Tells Us

The Fellowship. Source: Liverpool Echo.

Fans such as myself would have loved to see a trailer with a longer runtime. It ends up feeling more like a teaser. Nevertheless, it’s done its job. We’re hyped! This trailer introduces us to Tolkien himself, his fanciful imagination, his trauma, and his quest for love.

Another one of Tolkien’s loves was for things that grow. He had a fascination for arbores, gardens, and the English countryside. Already from the trailer, highlighting a towering bright-barked tree in one scene, calls to mind the White Tree of Gondor.

It promises to be something somewhat similar in style and execution to 2017’s Charles Dickens film The Man Who Invented Christmas. A moderately well-done biopic, The Man Who Invented Christmas focuses on one period of Dickens’ life but includes flashbacks, as well as the inclusion of his fictional characters in the real world.

In this regard, Tolkien seems like it shall be similar – but way more spectacular. This is because Tolkien’s fantasy, at numerous times, is much darker and more threatening than Dickens’. While Dickens meets Scrooge and some of the ghosts, Tolkien (as the trailer imagines it) sees his monstrosities coming to life on the battlefield.

One particularly engrossing scene from the trailer shows the face of the formidable Balrog springing out of the flames of an explosion in the battle in which John is fighting.

The Tolkien film looks to be taking the iconic characters from Lord of the Rings and placing them within Tolkien’s actual surroundings. Viewers will have to keep both eyes peeled for this – as often as they can spare them!

Background and Anticipation for the Picture

J.R.R. Tolkien, Nicholas Hoult, and Lily Collins. Source: EW.

In recent years, we have been seeing a number of remarkably well-funded biopics from Hollywood. The Social Network, Darkest Hour, and First Man are just a few. The modern biopics have covered everyone from Stephen Hawking to Freddie Mercury.

Even The Lord of the Rings director Peter Jackson is getting in on the biopic scene, having recently released that he will be working on a film about The Beatles. (And let’s not forget Tom Hanks’ untitled Mr. Rogers movie that’s apparently being released later this year.)

With all these biopics rising to the screen, it was only a matter of time before Tolkien got his own. Directed by Dome Karukoski, Tolkien looks promising, as vibrant as the verdant grass of the Shire. Nicholas Hoult from Mad Max: Fury Road heads the film in the title role. With him is Lily Collins as his girlfriend and eventual wife Edith.

As with any biopic, the ultimate hope of any fan is that the filmmakers and actors portray the characters authentically, especially since they were real people. For example, we don’t want to see Tolkien doing or saying stuff Tolkien would not have approved of.

It’s that simple.

All that said, it looks like it will be an entertaining flick on the legacy behind the forging of Middle-earth.

Into The Spider-Verse has quickly become one of, if not, the most highly regarded Spider-Man movie of all time.

Just about everybody in the circle of cinema criticism has given positive feedback on the latest animated Marvel venture brought to the big screen. A hit of late 2018, it seemed to be the Black Panther of December.

A heartwarming movie with about just as much drama as any live-action MCU film, Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse was sensational. And it 100% deserved its Golden Globe! Here’s the rundown of some of the best scenes from the film. There are a handful of spoilers ahead!

1) “Say ‘I Love You'”

I love family, and this adorable sequence showcases the father-son strife often seen in families. Granted, it’s a lighthearted moment, but that’s what makes it beautiful. A simply hilarious (and yes, truly embarassing) scenario which Miles is put in, his loving father nevertheless wants Miles to answer his father with “I love you.” Mr. Morales, a policeman then pipes the demand over the PA system for everyone in the vicinity to hear. It makes for a terrific scene.

2) Sticking to Gwen Stacy

Hands-down one of the best superhero costumes ever. Source: Polygon.

Another hilarious sequence is when Miles Morales, upon following his uncle’s sage advice on girls, approaches Gwen Stacy, whose name is yet unknown to him. (Later, Miles discovers her to be Spider-Woman.) They introduce themselves, and Miles goes for it. He tries putting his arm on her shoulder.

Unfortunately, beginning to acquire spider attributes, his limb sticks to her, making the moment even more awkward than it needed to be. Eventually, the hand becomes “glued” to Gwen’s hair. This results in someone having to cut almost half a head of hair off Spider-woman. Miles isn’t off to the right foot with this one! Or is he?

3) Peter Parker’s Death

Chris Pine’s Peter Parker gets killed off relatively quickly, like maybe five minutes after Miles meets him. When Kingpin slams his fists down on Spider-man with all of his energy, and the room is filled with a deadening silence, Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse got real. It became clear that people’s lives were going to be at stake in this story.

4) Perhaps the Saddest Stan Lee Cameo Ever

The legend himself. Source: Youtube.

Another sobering element of the film was the fact that this is Stan Lee’s first posthumous cameo in a Marvel production. Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse marks the first film to use a Stan Lee cameo after the comic writer/creator’s death. Lee’s cameo is strategically placed very soon after Peter Parker’s death with the old man fondly reminiscing, “I’m going to miss him; we were friends you know…”

5) Pizza in Bed

Well, once multiple dimensions or universes have opened up with a focus on people similar to the late Peter Parker, we see the entrance of several Spider-People. One of the first of whom he collides with (literally) is Peter B. Parker, your friendly neighbourhood Spider-Man from a universe or two over. His backstory scene delivers the goofy instance of his character lying in bed with his shirt off eating pizza out of a box (as he narrates how he was working out). His protruding gut is the subject of much conversation throughout the rest of the film.

6) Introducing Doc Ock

Miles Morales swinging through the streets of New York. Source: CNN.

Peter B. Parker’s Spider-Man causes a distraction for Miles when they break into Kingpin’s labs. Here Peter faces a lady scientist who, at first, gives off a sense of admiration for Spider-Man, a man whom she believed to be dead, and less of a sense of shock. She becomes fascinated with how he got there from an alternate universe. As she rambles on through the conversation, she manages to fetter Peter to a chair. She closes with expressing her underworld identity: Doc Ock.

7) Spider-Man Noir and His Fascination with the Rubik’s Cube

Nicolas Cage provides the often straightforward and slightly comical voiceover for Spider-Man Noir. One of perhaps the best recurring interactions the character has in the normal, colorized dimension is with a Rubik’s Cube. The tricky color-matching puzzle becomes even more difficult for the character since he is, in fact, pretty much color blind.

8) Ultimate Prowler’s Big Reveal

Chock-full of epic fight sequences. Source:

Miles Morales’ biggest blow perhaps is that his family hero, his uncle who’s always been there to help him in his troubles, turns out to be Ultimate Prowler. Ultimate Prowler’s latest assigned task, which evidently was also going to be the last he had to complete, is to eliminate this new Spider-Man.
But this is his own beloved nephew. He reciprocates Miles’ same affections. When he realizes this is his nephew, he does the right thing and refuses to go through with it. At this point, Kingpin shoots and kills him.

9)It Can’t Be That Easy…”

 A good contrast of style and design. Source: GeekTyrant.

Here’s another terrific moment with your dose of comedy. While Kingpin is relating his wretchedly false condolences to the late Mrs. Parker, the Spider team is trying to figure out how to get through the extensive dining room without attracting attention. Then they notice that all the waiters’ faces are concealed by Spider-Man masks! “It can’t be that easy,” one of them observes. However, literally a second later, they find it really is that easy!

10) Spider-Woman Breaches Dimensions Again

Gwen Stacy, or Spider-Woman, from one of the other universes has trouble making friends, relationships of any kind which may come back to haunt her as did her boyfriend’s after his death. However, we gradually see Gwen and Miles warming up to each other with a bittersweet farewell at the movie’s climax.

Appropriately, there is a bit more than hope for the relationship to grow. We see Gwen breach dimensions by herself just to get in touch with Miles! They’re going to try to make this long-distance relationship work!

Dr. Seuss’s illustrated whimsical, rhythmical How the Grinch Stole Christmas! has been adapted for the screen several times. The latest take on the rhyming tale is an animated remake simply entitled The Grinch which stars Benedict Cumberbatch voicing the ill-mannered green fiend.

Cumberbatch, by the way, was perfect for the role as so many of his other character portrayals are of individuals who are quite egotistical. The Grinch himself is of an egotistical sort, caring only for his own needs or desires.

He’s one of those Christmas haters through and through, disgusted with a time of jolly singing and merriment, perhaps because there is so little joy to be found in his own secluded, selfish life. We all know his personality. But now let’s think a little about where he lives and what makes the Grinch who he is.

The Grinch Has a Heart Condition

Lumberjack Who. Source: CTV News.

In the original children’s picture book by Theodor Seuss Geisel (“Dr. Seuss”), we are told that one of the most likely reasons for the Grinch’s fierce hatred for Christmas was “that his heart was two sizes too small.” This can be taken literally or figuratively. If we take it literally, it means Mr. Grinch has a heart condition, perhaps Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, a defect in which parts of the heart are underdeveloped, smaller than they should be.

This is a moderately serious heart condition which could impede the Grinch’s plans for ruining Christmas. Evidently, this problem was not too severe since he did not have any heart failure or attack during his pilfering under cover of night.

Perhaps he uses natural remedies in his diet such as garlic. The herb has been known to aid in several aspects of heart health and blood flow including cholesterol problems and coronary heart disease.

This would make the line from the Grinch’s catchy theme song more understandable: “Your heart’s an empty hole – you have garlic in your soul.” Also, if he does not keep up with brushing his teeth, his consumption of garlic would give him pretty smelly breath.

He’s the Seussian Version of Scrooge

Ebenezer Scrooge. Source: NCR.

The Grinch’s snarling, growling, and complaining of Christmas is quite similar to that of Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. Mr. Grinch angrily critiques the noise of children having fun, of the Whos eating good food together, and the jolly singing of the entire Who-congregation.

This sounds all too similar to a certain infamous character from a phenomenal old story. Mr. Scrooge would chastise people asking for charity in practically any amount no matter their poverty. And his commentary on Christmas was even shorter than the Grinch’s: “Bah, humbug!” Yet, both Mr. Scrooge and Mr. Grinch are the same person: the hater of holiday meant for merrymaking. Thankfully, both undergo conversions of heart, learning to appreciate Christmas.

How the Grinch Stole Christmas! and A Christmas Carol tell practically identical stories about a grouchy old guy who finds friendship in a child and is prompted to practice charity.

Green for the Screen

Max and the Grinch. Source: Medium.

In Dr. Seuss’s book How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, which he both wrote and illustrated, the Grinch’s character had no skin or hair pigmentation, nor did any of the Whos. The illustrations are similar to selective color photographs; they rhythmical in black and white with only a few elements in full color. For instance, the only coloring noticeable on the Grinch is his red eyes and scarlet Santa suit.

The Grinch then was never originally any color! This was a feature left up to the imagination of the reader. However, when adapted for the screen (for the first time in 1966), he had to be some color! Clearly, someone chose green, such an envious tone. And it has stuck ever since for every consecutive screen adaptation of Seuss’s classic.

How the Grinch’s Life May Change

Overlooking Who-ville. Source: Screen Rant.

In just about every adaptation of the Grinch story, the character goes from a grouchy guy living in a cave, who steals a public figure’s identity, to a citizen who does have a heart somewhere under all that pistachio-colored fur. His social orientation has some goodwill in its mixture. At the close of the story, the Grinch is a reformed creature.

But now what? How does he turn his life around? A few suggestions would be that he really learns to become a part of the community and enjoy socializing, even helping the Whos with their daily woes. He shares a feast with them, and such an act is always a good sign for the future.

In short, when welcomed back to the comforts of friends and food from which he has been alienated, he can only be integrated back into society. And every day he may work ever closer to being a better Grinch.

How Big Is the Grinch?

What Size? Source: Alamo Drafthouse Cinema.

The Grinch himself is not too much taller than the average Who. But to answer the question of the Grinch’s size, we must first consider his only worthy size comparison: the Whos. Brace yourself for a mind-blowing factoid. The Whos and their beloved, cheery Who-ville actually appear in another famous Dr. Seuss book, Horton Hears a Who!

In this separate book (published in 1954, three years before the Grinch book), the reader is introduced to minute, furry, humanoid organisms living on a speck resting on a clover. On this microscopic speck a town has been built. The mayor of this town communicates with Horton the elephant. The mayor states:

“Our buildings, to you, would seem terribly small/But to us, who aren’t big, they are wonderfully tall./My town is called Who-ville, for I am a Who/And we Whos are all thankful and grateful to you.”

Grinchy Claus. Source: FilmBook.

Though perhaps not distinctly identified as being synonymous with the Who-ville from Horton’s adventures, the town which the Grinch “lived just north of” is also called Who-ville. And the inhabitants of the established settlement are illustrated with features identical to the ones who appear in the Horton book.

What I’m saying is that the entire perception of the Grinch’s size, his world, even his dog Max are (inadverently) likely to be quite diminutive. To an elephant or even a human, everything in the Grinch’s known reality is smaller in scale than the components of any snow globe. The Grinch is the size of a tardigrade; his vehicles can’t be much bigger. It’s as if the Grinch and all the little Whos were characters in The Twilight Zone.

Thinking way too hard about these Whos now, I’ve been wondering who they call when someone is sick. Dr. Who maybe? And what about music? Do they listen to the Who?

Rocky star Sylvester Stallone has claimed he is finished with the character. Several generations of fans and the Internet culture have shown their disappointment in the farewell to a beloved icon.

Stallone Was the Real Stallion

Sylvester Stallone was, in regards to his present celebrity recognition, a nobody before Rocky came out in 1976. Prior to that, he had pretty much no experience as a Hollywood actor, let alone a star. After moving to California, Stallone was hardpressed to get an opportunity in a Hollywood production.

He didn’t have a vehicle. His financial situation was summed up in just a little over a hundred bucks in the bank. So Stallone was pretty much living the life of a 30-year-old college student trying to realize his dreams of acting. He turned to scriptwriting, and he was good at it. In three days’ time, he had written a 90-page script. This was the story of Rocky Balboa, the “Italian Stallion.”

Rocky III. (Sylvester Stallone and Mr. T. Source:

Heavily inspired by Stallone’s own tough times, the tale was one about a boxer who was struggling to pay the rent while simultaneously trying to realize his dreams. (Sounds familiar right?) Balboa, like any real human being, also searches for human companionship, eventually finding a girlfriend. Then he suddenly gets an amazing chance to achieve his dreams in his boxing career. The rest is cinematic history. This is what Stallone was trying to sell.

After a drawn-out rigamarole with potential buyers over Stallone’s stipulation that he star in the film himself, the script was finally purchased for $20,000. And Stallone the Stallion starred as Rocky, putting all of his heart into the story and the acting.

The first film really showed the everyday life of Rocky Balboa with all its tragedies and downers. Because of this strong connection, it is nearly impossible to recast Rocky with the same level of emotion as Sylvester Stallone’s portrayal.

It will forever be an authentic depiction of the struggles of real life. And this message comes through, I believe, because of Stallone’s attachment and investment in a character whose life experience is so much like his own. Rocky took home three Oscars. Stallone went from struggling to survive to walking in the Hollywood spotlights.

Say Goodbye to Rocky

The Rocky Franchise. Source: USA Today FTW.

Rocky has remained one of Sylvester Stallone’s most popular film roles. Yet, after appearing in over half a dozen movies which make up the saga, he is ready to throw in the towel, leaving the boxing ring as a champion.

We are already prepping for the loss of Captain America in the MCU saga. Now we hear Rocky’s going to be leaving our screens too. Our classic heroes are starting to retire. Rocky has kind of been a Dwayne “the Rock” Johnson of generations past. He was a fighter striving to persevere through hardship after hardship and being a great, musclebound man all the while.

In a behind-the-scenes type of video and again on Twitter, Stallone mentioned that Creed II is likely to be his last appearance as Rocky Balboa. This news has led to concerns and doubts both among fans and filmmakers. Sooner or later this was going to happen. We’re still sorry to see Stallone’s Rocky go.

The franchise has contributed greatly to pop culture through introducing us to such classic songs as “Gonna Fly Now” and “Eye of the Tiger.”But ultimately, it has been the figure of strength, patriotism, and following one’s dreams that makes Rocky (and Sylvester Stallone) who he is.

Solo: A Star Wars Story features a young Han Solo and follows some of his adventures. Here are the five best moments from the movie.

Let’s face it, most of the big time critics tore Solo apart, shredding it limb from limb. There were many concerns about Ron Howard being appointed to direct the Solo movie. But now I find myself swimming upstream, against the mainstream media’s response to the movie (and many of my fellow homies here at Digital Fox).

I actually didn’t think it was that bad. Like most good films, I found several enjoyable aspects out of the entire story. Let’s talk about some of the best moments Solo: A Star Wars Story had to offer. (Spoilers follow.)

1 – Han Solo and Kira’s Separation

Extremely early on in the film’s plot, we see the title character in love with a young woman named Kira. That’s just like him, isn’t it? Whatever their community calls them, they’re pretty much a couple of thieves among many. They steal valuable things.

After one particular mission, Han (Alden Ehrenreich) optimistically tells Kira (Emilia Clarke), also spelled Qi’ra, that with the vial of coaxium he just got they will be able to start a new life together. In a desperate attempt to leave their lowly existence, the couple makes their way to what would be the Star Wars equivalent of an airport.

It’s here, in this crowded arena, that the two of them are separated. The physical act of being torn from each other tears each of them up on the inside as well. And this emotion is brought across quite potently on screen. It’s a life-shattering event that takes place at an early stage in Han’s life.

2 – A Smuggler’s Eye for Detail

Tobias Beckett. Source: Hollywood Reporter.

During his military period with the Empire, Han Solo meets a party which at first appears to be a group of allies. But as Han watches them more carefully, he comes to the conclusion that they are in the same “trade” that he once was: stealing and smuggling.

The head of this scurvy band of outlaws is Tobias Beckett (Woody Harrelson). He’s a grumpy guy who’s rough around the edges. The best advice he says he can offer is to never trust anyone. When Han threatens to expose Beckett and his partners, Beckett thinks quickly and frames Solo.

After befriending a certain beloved Wookiee, Han returns to them yet again right as they are leaving in a stolen ship. A rather comically suspenseful moment, Beckett returns right after takeoff to take on the two newcomers. They’re onboard the ship and onboard for the smugglers’ upcoming job.

3 – An Unexpected Reunion

Dryden Vos, the Boss. Source:

After a failed attempt at stealing a significant amount of coaxium, Han returns with a skeletal crew. Beckett, still in charge, has to answer to Dryden Vos (Paul Bettany), a boss who severely punishes those of his employees who disappoint him.

It was interesting to see the MCU’s Vision actor portraying a despicable villainous role. (You can read about why Dryden Vos was one of the five ways Solo could have been improved here).

At this point in the movie, however, another character is reintroduced. And she has a larger part to play. While Beckett is setting up a meeting with Vos, Han and Chewie are told to stay in the main room, a gathering place for conning, seducing, and crooked playing.

Here Han bumps into… guess who… Kira, the woman he loved and has vowed to return to rescue. But he never expected to see her here on an entirely different planet! Thus, he doesn’t have to rescue her. And now they have a lot to catch up on – together.

4 – Han Solo, Lando Calrissian, and the Good Old Millennium Falcon

Lando’s Back! Source: Metro Weekly.

Yes, Han is focus of the movie, but Lando Calrissian (this time portrayed by Donald Glover) was a vital player in this story. And frankly, he deserved more attention, especially since he’s entirely absent from the third Star Wars trilogy (so far). His smug attitude of getting out of a jam by any means he can gets him in trouble. But Lando’s character always provides some enjoyable comedy.

At the close of the film, Han and Chewbacca go to find him. Han tries his luck at gambling against Lando again. This time, Han has the upper hand – and in more ways than one! He’s removed a card from Lando’s extra card holder which he keeps up his sleeve. This ensures there’s no cheating on Lando’s part, and Han Solo wins the amazing Millennium Falcon he is so well known for.

5 – The Only Mention of a Sith or Jedi in Solo

We saved the best (or the worst) for last. Kira is in cahoots with Darth Maul! This is surprising twofold! Kira is just that bad; she’s been dug in too far, and Darth Maul, who we all see get sliced in half like a liverwurst in Episode I, is somehow alive!

It’s totally insane and leaves us hanging with a bunch of unanswered questions. (Hmmm, kind of like The Last Jedi did.) The holocron image we see also shows Darth Maul igniting his lightsaber for no real reason except to show it off. That way I guess we know for certain that it was a Star Wars movie.

I think all of these five points in Solo: A Star Wars Story were vital inclusions. Some were important to get to know Han Solo’s character, and others were key for the playout of the entire saga. Solo was not as good as the Rogue One stand-alone film, but it was not terrible.

If you enjoyed these best moments from Solo: A Star Wars Story, you’ll probably enjoy this list of the ten best moments from Avengers: Infinity War. We like moments.

The first Dumbo trailer has finally been released, and it’s not as creepy as many people originally believed.

Disney’s remaking another one of their old animated movies into a new live-action film. (Surprise! This is what happens when you run out of fresh plot concepts!) It’s Dumbo!  Again!

Tim Burton Meets Dumbo

It’s been known that Tim Burton was to direct the live-action remake of Dumbo for some time. Burton has a reputation for producing bizarre films, many of which could be labeled as horror or noir. He’s the director behind Corpse Bride (2005) and Frankenweenie (2012), and the producer behind movies like The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) and Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter (2012).

So Burton has been working on slightly creepy entertainment for a while. Dumbo is also not his first live-action remake of an animated Disney classic. He also directed the 2010 live-action Alice in Wonderland. That also seems to be a knack Tim Burton has acquired: remaking old movies that should’ve been left alone.

The Trailer and What Can Be Expected

Creepy Dumbo Production Photo. Source: GeekTyrant.

When the first production photo for the new Dumbo was released months ago, many people were saying how the live-action Dumbo character looked like something from a nightmare. However, the trailer does not provide any more fuel for that fire. There’s nothing creepy about it.

It introduces us to the circus and the main characters who will be interacting with Dumbo the baby elephant. Like many stories involving circus performers, this one already eludes to the performers calling each other “family.” This isn’t a bad notion. It just seems to have been included in a lot of circus-related stories.

Like the original 1941 Dumbo, this updated version promises to give us an endearing story about finding courage and acceptance. Both of these are things which are immensely relatable for all people. And this is what makes the story a heartwarming one. The choreography looks spectacular, and Burton seems to like dancing performers in many of his productions.

At the climax of the trailer, close to its end, we get a glimpse of what Dumbo can do with those big ears of his. Tim Burton’s Dumbo resembles a mashup between The Greatest Showman and Tarzan. It looks like the makings of a successful remake.

For more like this, check out our How to Train Your Dragon 3 trailer review.

The official trailer for How to Train Your Dragon 3: The Hidden World has been released. The most significant aspect the trailer shows is that there’s at least one more “fury” out there.

The dazzling snow-white dragon discovered in the upcoming 2019 movie is dubbed a “light fury,” by Astrid anyway. The light fury is a female. Thus, Toothless is not the only Night Fury left. Plus, he’s now able to try impress his new lady friend.

Key Relationships

This boy meets girl scenario seems to be, from first glance, one of the strongest aspects the third film in the series has to offer. In fact, much of the plot deserves delving into character development, even finalisation in some areas.

Hiccup and Astrid have been going steady since the first film released in 2010.

In real time then, that means they’ve been dating for about eight years. For most healthy couple relationships, such a long period with no finalisation is kind of unrealistic. Get married already! (And invite me to the wedding).

Even if this isn’t the last movie of the How to Train Your Dragon franchise, Astrid and Hiccup’s relationship really needs closure of some kind. And this should be a happy ending.

Meanwhile, as one love relationship begins to get set in stone, we’ll be seeing another just getting started. Toothless’s eagerness to impress his new-found mate really comes off, but probably not the way he’d like it to. It just looks weird, goofy really. And this provides some comic relief, which goes over well in kids movies.

Toothless’s bizarre dance moves remind me of those kooky courtship moves of the birds of paradise you see on Planet Earth. Hopefully, our dragon hero doesn’t make a complete goof of himself in the eyes of his female counterpart.

More Moments We’d Like to See in the Third Film

Light and Night. Source:

As far as other character development goes, Hiccup’s mum (who’s not even pictured in the trailer) deserves to be a main figure in this story. Hiccup should get to know his mum. It’s just that simple.

Of course, the Dreamworks writers could do something like they did for Madagascar 3 in which the main character’s parents (who he’d just met in the prior film) are absent. They don’t even get a nod.

Hiccup’s mum ought to appear even if it’s only in something as minor as a flashback. It’s a simple request.

One of the captions appearing in the official trailer hails it as the “epic conclusion.” Even though it says that, it doesn’t mean this is the last we see of the franchise. It’s been a popular one. Apart from the movies, fans have seen the production of several mini-features and TV series. Don’t forget the original movie was turned into a stage performance featuring large animatronic dragons.

Hiccup and Friends. Source: Screen Rant.

It’s been quite successful. So the odds of yet another movie are optimistic. The dozen children’s books by author Cressida Cowell on which the stories are loosely based can provide a lot of starting material for many more film sequels. Who knows? There eventually might be more movies than books!

From what we see of him in the trailer, the villain of the Hidden World film is not going to live up to the creepiness, boldness, and lunacy of Drago, the rather dark arch villain of How to Train Your Dragon 2.

So like I said, the character development is likely to be the film’s strong suit. And I’d like to see that. I just want to know more about this light fury!

For more like this, check out this article on the planned The Addams Family animated feature.

Avengers: Infinity War brought us some great flashbacks, updates, reintroductions, and dramatic exits. Let’s talk about a few of the best sequences.

Though an extremely fast-paced film, Infinity War brought out a lot of emotion. We break down its best dramatic moments.

This piece may contain spoilers. And by that I mean, it most certainly does.

10 – Loki’s Honourable Demise

Just a few minutes into Infinity War and we already see Loki killed in front of Thor at the hands of Thanos. Loki reveals he does have the tesseract and gives it to Thanos who takes the infinity stone from it. He does this in order to save his brother’s life.

And then, pretending to bargain for his personal wellbeing in exchange for a guide to Earth, Loki tries to stab Thanos. But Thanos is already too powerful. He crushes Loki.

Though like every scene in the movie, this one went by quickly, it’s a very emotional moment between two brothers who have always been at conflict.

Loki himself is a conflicted individual, but he knew what was right in the end. And he paid for it with his life. Despite this, I’m really hopeful for his return.

9 – Spider-Man’s New Legs

spider-man infinity war

We see Spider-Man with some significant suit upgrades just as we do Iron Man’s. Perhaps the coolest part about his new look is the capability for spider-like robotic limbs. As we see, these come in quite handy.

The best sequence depicting this is when Spider-Man saves Dr. Strange on the big alien “donut.” The scene reveals the strength of his suit’s new add-ons.

8 – Shadowy Steve

For months, Marvel fans have been talking up a storm about Captain America’s facial hair. It’s not shadow. It’s a full-fledged beard. The new look was so impressive that even Thor had to compliment him on it.

But perhaps the best part with Cap is the big reveal when he catches the alien spear and comes out of the shadows. Even though the scene was part of most of the teasers and trailers, it remains one of the best in the film.

7 – Gamora: Little One

Gamora has a major role to play in this film for various reasons. Her character sees a lot more action and depth than some of her fellow heroes like Captain America, Black Panther, or Dr. Strange. What makes her and her relationship with Thanos even more potent and clear are flashbacks to Gamora’s youth.

Thanos. Source: Den of Geek.

The best part of the flashbacks, however, is when Thanos tells the girl he will help her find her mother. He then proceeds to show her a double-bladed knife and calls it “perfectly balanced.”

While distracting her, Thanos’ followers destroy a vast number of the planet’s population. This moment fills the audience with a few different emotions: sorrow and empathy for Gamora and disgust for the evil of Thanos.

6 – The Dwarf Who Is Not

Eitri, dwarf and metalsmith, doesn’t really match the description of the typical dwarf. Outstandingly portrayed by actor Peter Dinklage, Thor’s old friend is another one of those characters with a sad story to tell.

Aside from some dry humour he helps present, he has a key role to play in the forging of Thor’s new weapon, an ax. I will say, though, the forging sequence looks rather similar to dwarvish forging scenes in Peter Jackson’s Hobbit trilogy.

5 – The Return of Red Skull

For myself and hundreds of others, the big reveal of the cloaked watchman of the Soul Stone as Red Skull was a well-received moment. Not only is it shocking, but in a weird way, it’s also delightful to see this master villain return.

The Russo brothers, the directors of Infinity War and the last two Captain America films, bring back the worst villain the super soldier fought in the only film of the trilogy they didn’t direct.

Red Skull Is Back in the Russo Brothers’ First Avengers Film. Source: Daily Express.

The power hungry man who had headed the ancient cult of Hydra as a division of Hitler’s 3rd Reich in WW II returns in another dark role. And here Red Skull even mentions how he sought power in his mortal life, the same kind of power Thanos is now striving to attain.

4 – Stabbing Stark

Thanos stabs Iron Man! He does this when half the Avengers and the Guardians of the Galaxy confront him on Titan, one of Saturn’s moons, which is Thanos’ home. Thanos and Tony Stark, each egotistical in his own way, both start monologuing. This sequence is brought to an end with Thanos stabbing Stark.

At this point, many spectators are really worried Tony’s going to die. Instead, Dr. Strange, who had earlier stated he would not let sentiment affect him in protecting the Time Stone, bargains with Thanos for Tony’s life. Of course, the only thing that will do is the Time Stone.

3 – White Wolf

Bucky Barnes, the Winter Soldier, is found living in Wakanda, where his best friend Steve Rogers left him at the end of Captain America: Civil War. Here in Wakanda he is known as the White Wolf. We find him wearing simple clothes and living a quiet life. With a docile attitude, the once-assassin turned shepherd is entrusted with keeping sheep.

T’Challa comes to him. He tells the White Wolf that he is needed and shows him a robotic arm in a case. Of course, Bucky puts it on. He’s not one to shy away from a fight with a good cause. It’s just a really endearing sequence.

2 – The Death of Vision

The Team Assembles. Source: Study Breaks Magazine.

Vision’s death ends up being acted out twice since Thanos has the Time Stone. Wanda doesn’t want to kill Vision; she loves him. We all saw this relationship coming, but it’s kind of weird to have a human and an android fall in love.

Other than that, I would say the characters play quite well off each other, and the sequence of Wanda using her powers to remove the infinity stone in Vision’s forehead was pretty emotional.

1 – Dust to Dust…

The most dramatic scene is also the climax and close of Infinity War. When we see half the main characters disappearing, we know who we’re losing. When we count our losses, it’s hard to believe.

The young Spider-Man’s vanishing into dust is perhaps the most touching. It’s also the death which likely places the most guilt on Tony, whose character lives on.

Despite all these deaths, even Loki’s and Gamora’s, Dr. Strange’s words give us hope for their safe return: “It was the only way.”

To read about how the events of Infinity War will affect upcoming MCU films, click here.

The original science fiction series Lost in Space was a rival of Star Trek: TOS. Lost in Space is now about to have a reboot series released on Netflix.

In the 1960s, Hollywood filmmaker Irwin Allen turned from producing features to the medium of television, which was growing quite popular in that decade. After creating another sci-fi show the previous year, in 1965 Allen made plans for a robinsonade-style sci-fi tale. In fact, the family’s name was Robinson. It was called Lost in Space.

The original Lost in Space series

The original TV show ran from 1965 to 1968. 1968 became a historic year for sci-fi, producing such classics as 2001: A Space Odyssey and Planet of the Apes. Though it showed elements resembling past sci-fi entertainment, Lost in Space became a national sensation. Netflix’s series will not be the first time the LIS story has been retold.

I guess we “celebrate” the 50th anniversary of the show’s cancellation this year. That sounds bad to say that. We commemorate it then; we pause and reflect on how it has been forgotten and re-examined for the past five decades.

Irwin Allen’s Lost in Space. Source: Deadline.

The original TV series was made up of a fantastic cast, headed by Guy Williams, who had previously starred in the title role of the Walt Disney TV show Zorro. Williams played the father of the clan, Professor John Robinson. June Lockhart of Lassie portrayed his spouse Maureen Robinson. The villain, Dr. Zachary Smith, was played by Jonathan Harris who had guest starred in some episodes of The Twilight Zone.

This TV show included elements of comedy, horror, and suspense throughout its three-year run. For the most part, their adventures are terrestrial. But by Season 3, the Robinsons are traveling to a new planet in every episode aboard their spacecraft, the Jupiter 2.

Smith, young Will Robinson, Robot B-9, and the rest of the gang bumped into some pretty weird folks up there while they were lost. Perhaps best known among these guest characters was Thor, Norse god of lightning and popular Marvel superhero. This cameo appeared in the episode “The Space Vikings.”

John Williams, the future composer of the Star Wars saga, composed all of the main recurring musical scores for the series. As mentioned earlier in the article, Lost in Space and Star Trek competed for ratings.

If you watch the two series, you will actually notice the planets both casts of characters visit often look quite similar.

Alexander Courage, the original Star Trek music composer, also did work for some of Irwin Allen’s work in the 1960s, including Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea and even Lost in Space. Following Lost in Space, Allen created two more sci-fi TV series: The Time Tunnel and Land of the Giants.

Aside from the obvious link to Star Wars through John Williams, many fans of the original LIS think George Lucas may have gotten the lightsaber concept from this show. Several episodes in Season 1 picture aliens using swords with electrically charged blades, which produce sparks when they come in contact with other objects.

Guy Williams Using Electric Saber. Source: Pinterest.

The different Forms Lost in Space Took in Later Years

One of the things that probably helped to revive Star Trek‘s popularity was the animated series that was first produced in 1973. Ironically, it was also in 1973 that Lost in Space was adapted into an animated special, which was produced by Hanna-Barbera Studios and ran about 44 minutes. Jonathan Harris even returned to voice Dr. Smith.

Several decades after that, in 1998, Lost in Space the motion picture was released. Several of the LIS TV show cast appeared in cameo roles. Unfortunately, the movie and the animated TV special were not huge successes.

Bill Mumy even tried to get a script for a LIS reunion film produced into a TV movie, but when he contacted Irwin Allen, the series creator denied the request for various reasons.

Most recently, Lost in Space is being rebooted as a 10-episode series on Netflix. And the show comes out this month. Mumy met up with the new actor playing Will, Maxwell Jenkins. He has also stated fans of the original series are going to like this reboot.

So what should you expect from the Lost in Space Netflix series?

I love the imagery: the landscapes, the fungi on the tree, the majestic moth-like organism that flies onto the robot’s hand. It looks enticing, vivid, emotional, and clean. I’m really excited about it, as are many sci-fi geeks.

In short, I expect it to be pretty solid. Obviously, the robot is not the clunky but beloved  B-9 of the sixties because this bot has an alien origin. What I’ve noticed is that this new robot that Will Robinson meets is a character that was likely morphed out of several different robots in the original LIS. B-9 was Will’s friend and guardian; an alien robot we see in Season 1 was found and restored to full power by young Will; and lastly, an alien android we see in Season 2 plays ball with Will.

In the trailer alone, we already see this alien robot display all of the qualities of those robots depicted in the original series. All of these aspects have been bundled up into a single character. For now, we just have to wait.

If you’re not a Lost in Space loyal, here are the 10 best moments from Star Trek: Discover season one.

Marvel’s Agents of SHIELD is well worth a watch. Here’s why.

The currently running Marvel series Agents of SHIELD has a lot to offer its viewers. If there is anything I have learned about sci-fi entertainment it is that in the story absolutely anything can happen. There are no restrictions. A fictional character could be fighting in the Crusades one moment and then traveling through numerous mind-boggling dimensions the next. A character could find that everything he held as truth is merely a simulation.

In sci-fi, the whole world can literally be turned upside down, and characters can obviously travel beyond their own native worlds. A group of characters could find themselves in a bar one day and be floating in space the next. So it is with Agents of SHIELD.

Among other appealing elements, this Marvel series includes espionage, political unrest, love, comedy, aliens, cyborgs, space travel, superheroes, and mad scientists. Here we are going to explore some of the best aspects of the show, the ones that cause viewers to keep returning.

1 – Correlation with the Marvel Films

The Fantastic MCU. Source: Comic Book.

I am mentioning this first because it is probably the most significant thing the TV show has to offer. Its timeline coincides with the release of the feature films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. In this way, audience members who follow both the series as well as the movies get a broader view of what’s going on in the MCU than those who just watch the movies.

The films demonstrate many of the highlights and historic moments for the popular superheroes. Meanwhile, the Agents of SHIELD series depicts what is going on behind the scenes. Many references to the things taking place in the movies are made throughout the series. For example, scenes in Season 2 depict the unveiling of Hydra within SHIELD. Some of these sequences occur simultaneously with Captain America’s final battle with Bucky as depicted in Captain America: The Winter Soldier. Every now and then characters also refer to the “Manhattan incident” which took place in the first Avengers film.

As the series progressed, references to Ultron were made. Several actors who appear in the films also showed up in Agents of SHIELD, such as Hayley Atwell, Cobie Smulders, and Maximiliano Hernández. Back in the first season, Samuel L. Jackson even guest starred as his Marvel character Nick Fury. I’m really anticipating a correlation between the series and the events in Black Panther, even if it’s just a brief mention.

2 – Genuinely MCU

The Captain and Ant-Man. Source: CG Meetup.

Like any modern TV show, Agents of SHIELD includes CGI incorporated into its imagery. Some sequences are better than others. And like most of today’s fictional television, the computer graphics are not as spot-on as graphics in feature films. This is partly due to the greater time constraints on TV production as opposed to film production.

Animators for a series have less time to create the effects than those working on most movies. Despite the time crunches, I think the graphics for Agents of SHIELD are fairly good and hopefully will get better.

Like the Marvel movies, quite a bit of CGI is involved. The series also includes elements such as the extremely fast-paced (and extremely edited) fighting sequences. One of the simpler effects used in both the series and the movies for fight sequences is the shaky action cam effect. The storylines are obviously rather similar to the film plots.

Coulson’s Crew. Source: Nothing But Geek.

Each season finale closes with a brief scene that leaves the audience wondering what is going to happen next. Similarly, most Marvel movies include a short sequence at the very end of the credits which eludes to something happening in an upcoming MCU installment.

3 – Science Fiction

Lady Sif – An Asgardian. Source: So I Pondered.

Agents of SHIELD includes many classic as well as fresh sci-fi themes, and almost all of them are intriguing. Phil Coulson and his team encounter numerous alien races in previous seasons while on Earth such as Asgardians. (Of course, in Season 5 they’re in space for an extended period of time.)

Cyborgs such as Aida and mad (or misguided) scientists like Holden Radcliffe, both of whom we see actively in Season 4, are also familiar sci-fi elements. Though the history of Hydra’s origins and Hive’s use of Ward’s corpse in Season 3 are the highlights of the entire series.

4 – Surprises Everywhere You Turn

Ward and Triplett (“Trip”). Source: Bleeding Cool.

The plot, though not strong at every point in the series, is oftentimes surprising, sometimes in an alarming way or in a relieving way. Ward’s secretive betrayal which comes to light near the close of Season 1 came as a shock to many, and the writers have brought his character back in some way in all of the following seasons. It will be interesting to see if he returns somehow yet again in Season 5.

It was also sad to see Hunter and Bobby get let go. Although, Hunter has returned in Season 5. And Adrianne Palicki, who played Bobby, has been busy co-starring in The Orville. Other instances like Triplett’s accidental death via terragenesis came as an unforeseen and sorrowful event.

If you think back, you will agree that the audience is tricked into believing something that turns out to be not at all what it seems.

5 – References to Other Fantasy Franchises

I absolutely love Patton Oswalt’s comedic portrayal of four of the Koenig brothers, most of whom are agents of SHIELD. He, or perhaps they, have brought a lot of heartwarming scenes to the series.

The identical Koenig brothers who are agents, are obsessed with lanyards. They are also video gaming and sci-fi nerds. Sam and Billy, the two Koenigs we see the most of, are a few of the characters who make the most references to other sci-fi sagas.

Sam and Billy Koenig Talking about Lost in Space. Source: Marvel Cinematic Universe Wiki – Fandom.

It is these two who go so far as to make a direct reference to the original Lost in Space series which, ironically, has been remade and is being rebooted on Netflix this year. They make a lot of robot jokes, and so they can’t help but bring up Robot B-9 from Lost in Space. Like myself, these two also quote Star Wars frequently.

Even Coulson’s character makes references about Star Wars. Another fantasy saga that has been mentioned in dialogue is the original Wizard of Oz film. (A reference to this film was also included in the first Avengers movie). The combination of heart, comedy, plot changes, and visual aesthetics make Agents of SHIELD what it is.

Hey you. Yeah, you. You probably like TV shows with superheroes. Have this article ranking the best CW superheroes. 

Loving Vincent is, for many reasons, truly phenomenal.

A film that bears some right to be called the greatest breakthrough and creative endeavour of the year has seemed to have slipped by the notice of many movie connoisseurs. I am referring to Dorota Kobiela and Hugh Welchman’s Loving Vincent.

It is a true work of art in every sense. Overall, viewers appear to be happy with what was delivered. Interestingly enough, this labour of love showcases old-school and time-consuming cinematography techniques.

The Legend and Legacy of Van Gogh

It’s not too hard to assume what the film is based on from its title. Loving Vincent is about the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and the circumstances around his allegedly suicidal death.

Loving Vincent
Main Characters from Loving Vincent. Source: Spectrum Culture.

A unique artist, he himself was rather a unique individual. He is the famous (or infamous) artist who is known for cutting off part of his left ear, an action apparently brought on by depression. An article from Vanity Fair mentions the possibility that he was actually murdered.

Much of his work too, like his life, is shrouded in mystery. An oil on canvas he painted entitled Still Life: Vase with Oleanders (alternately known as Vase on Yellow Background) vanished in 1944 while in France under Nazi domination.

The Nazis raided the building in which an art gallery (including the van Gogh) was on display. And they eventually burned the structure. Hitler’s Third Reich was renowned for confiscating and even destroying priceless works of art, works of the human spirit. This historical fact plays a major role in the 2014 film The Monuments Men.

Loving Vincent
Behind the Scenes. Source: Idaho Statesman.

The dedication behind the making of films and especially Loving Vincent

Being quite a character, van Gogh’s life makes for an interesting cinematic tale. The movie Loving Vincent is a masterpiece, even an honour to the artist himself. Cinema is an art that employs almost all other artistic forms.

Film is the result of writers, music composers, singers, actors, and digital and traditional artists. It employs lighting technicians, set designers and decorators, audio specialists, and professionals in props, makeup, hair, and wardrobes. A great deal of heart and stress go into the making of a motion picture from every member of the team. It is the ultimate art. And Loving Vincent could be the ultimate art film.

This feature film, running approximately 1 hour 35 minutes, took about five solid years to make. BBC made the point that this is likely the longest method of filmmaking ever conceived and accomplished. It is touted as the world’s first fully painted feature film. Every frame is hand painted by an artist to resemble van Gogh’s style, a function similar to creating nondigital animated films.

Loving Vincent
In a Grove of Trees. Source: Your Observer.

This is not the first time such traditional art has been used in film productions. For instance, Salvador Dali worked with filmmakers such as Alfred Hitchcock and Walt Disney. Another painter, artist/author James Gurney has worked as a painter for an animated film. And these are not the only examples.

Not only that, but this form of filmmaking relied on stop-motion animation. This method was used in films such as The Lost World (1925), Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park (1993) and The Boxtrolls (2014).

Apart from green screening the actors and digitally editing together the finished project, Loving Vincent was created through oil paintings and stop-motion still photography. This is utterly amazing.

It is quite inspiring that directors, producers, and the dozens of painters spent so much time and energy creating, redoing, and perfecting a film of such proportions. This achievement stands as a vestige to classical cinematography and also to human creativity, passion, and patience.

You can read Digital Fox’s favourite movies of 2017 here.

Could classic sci-fi really have influenced the Trump administration’s new moon-based plan for preparing to send manned missions to Mars?

Just as the race to space (and eventually the moon too) involved several countries and corporations in the 1950s and ’60s, so too is the race now on to safely send a manned mission to the Red Planet. In early October 2017, US Vice-president Mike Pence announced that the country will be working towards establishing a colony on the moon in order to “build the foundation we need to send Americans to Mars and beyond.”

The Science Fiction Based Around Mars

Red Planet. Source: Alchetron, the Free Social Encyclopedia.

For decades, Mars and its possibility of supporting life have driven countless fantasy stories, particularly in the movie department. In fact, some of the biggest box office failures had plots revolving around travel to or life on the Red Planet. For instance, Santa Claus Conquers the Martians (1964), Mars Needs Moms (2011) and the Val Kilmer film Red Planet (2000) were all terribly received by their audiences.

However, on the opposite end of the spectrum, one of the most critically acclaimed films of the past decade having to do with existence on Mars was The Martian, adapted from the novel by Andy Weir to the big screen in 2015. By the way, Andy Weir’s fiction novel releases are rather timely.

Artemis. Source:

His latest book Artemis includes a unique element: a futuristic human-built city on the moon. With this year’s refreshed interest in the moon, Artemis has a great chance of becoming a hit.

So obviously man’s scientific endeavours and curiosity have influenced pop culture. But has the pop culture of the past now, in turn, influenced our scientific future? Perhaps it has.

In the 1960s, during the golden era of Hollywood as well as science fiction, many TV shows also included futuristic Mars travel in certain scripts. An interesting TV plot from that decade may shine some light on that recently released concept for the United States’ travel to Mars.

The Time Tunnel and Other Fantastical Lunar Bases of the 1960s

The Time Tunnel Duo – Doug and Tony. Source: The 100th Planet.

The old sci-fi TV series to closely predict NASA’s future plans was The Time Tunnel, a live-action show lasting a mere single season on the air. It was created and produced by Irwin Allen. He was the creator of three other more successful sci-fi series during that decade as well as the director/producer of the film The Towering Inferno (1974).

The main running theme of the show was two men trapped in time, the maze of past and future ages. They were thrust back in time via a secret underground, government-funded complex. And the purpose of this complex was to experiment with and perfect the Time Tunnel. (The Time Tunnel was an expansive machine that could transport objects, animals, and even people anywhere in time and space.)

“One Way to the Moon” Finale. Source: Say Hello Spaceman.

It was in the second episode ever aired (September 16, 1966), “One Way to the Moon.” In it, the main duo find themselves materialising on a rocket approximately ten years in the future, and the craft is initially headed for Mars. If it were to reach Mars it would be the first successful mission to do so.

But because of the additional weight of two adult men, the ship is going to need more fuel than it has. The captain of the ship is extremely concerned as to how they got aboard and why they were there. (Other nations would stop at practically nothing to be first to Mars.) So they land on the moon for just that purpose: to refuel.

Destination Moon. Source:

A surplus of fuel is stored in a lunar warehouse. This was meant precisely for interplanetary travel. If a mission might not be able to reach its destination for any reason due to a lack of fuel, the spacecraft could stop off at their local lunar “filling station” as it were. This was a rather simple yet convenient concept.

In other sci-fi of the ’60s, such as in the juvenile-geared British series Captain Scarlet, futuristic lunar bases were depicted as large, well-manned stations as opposed to a solitary warehouse.

What the Future Could Look Like

A Proposed Moon Base Concept. Source: Slate.

America is not alone in its race to the little Red Planet. According to some sources, the push for furthering China’s 2020 Mars mission, BEIJING (AFP), has already begun. Besides the goal of Mars itself on its plate, China also has big plans for the moon. The Chinese have been wanting to set up a lunar community of their own.

Current laws set in place make space-based scientific partnerships or assistance between the U.S. and China practically impossible. Meanwhile, numerous minds throughout the world are brainstorming, considering both old and new proposals for lunar colonisation. But there is one thing we can take for a fact which is that sometime in the (hopefully) near future, humanity will be raising homes on the moon.